It is a rizomatoeides perennial plant originates from tropical South Asia and the main component of turmeric is curcumin. The spice comes from the rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa, which belongs to the family Zingiveridon (ie relatives and ginger), and is native to Southeast Asia .. It is known as “weft of India”, by the orange color of which very similar to what the yolk? because of the lower costs, many times used instead of him, while it is also used to distort the powder saffron. More rarely, it may come across as a toumerik, by its English name, Turmeric or Curcuma domestica (Turmeric domestic) .it is a herbaceous plant, perennial, reaches a height of approximately 1 meter and grown exclusively in local areas, where there temperatures between 20 ° C and 35 ° C and rainfall. The leaves are large, long and lanceolate. Its flowers are gathered in a large bunch consisting of many “sheaths”, which is green at the base and either white or purple on the edges. Through these “Sos” pop the flowers that are large and yellowish. The root is cylindrical and rizomatoeidis, branched, color of orange and intense aroma. Rhizomes, following cleaning, boiling for several hours, then dried in the sun or in a special oven and ground end, which time they receive an orange powder, which is the famous spice. The grated turmeric is used in kitchens of South Asia and the Middle East, as an ingredient in curry blends and as a pigment or in various preparations or even fabrics. More widespread turmeric is one of the key components of mustard. As a food additive turmeric is used because it provides in protecting food from sunlight.
Many laboratory experiments have shown that curcumin can have antioxidant, anti-ischemic, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and antitumor even slows the onset of degenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and multiple sclerosis.
- It has anti-inflammatory effect analogous cortisone
- Causing regression of symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis
- Lowers cholesterol levels.
- It is known for its anti-cancer activity.
- It has antioxidant properties that neutralize free radicals.
- Prevents gallstones, spastic colitis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal system
- It helps improvement of digestion and is friendly to the stomach.
- It is beneficial in patients with Alzheimer’s as well may stop the further development of the disease by preventing the accumulation of the protein beta amyloid in the brain.
- It has beneficial effect on malignant tumors.
- Relieves almost all allergic conditions, or skin (eczema), or respiratory.
- Accelerates the production of insulin by the pancreas and helps significantly in non-insulin dependent diabetes in adults.
- quickly stops bleeding and has antiseptic properties, if carefully sprinkled over wounds. Accelerates the healing process
- express medicine against catarrh and phlegm
- It protects the liver from toxins
- In anemia
- Used in cosmetics for the treatment of skin discoloration and acne scars
Studies have shown that curcumin has antiinflammatory activity analogous cortisone. Causing regression of symptoms of inflammation in animals and rheumatoid arthritis in humans. Other studies showed that lowers cholesterol, prevents platelet adhesiveness (leading to clots), protects liver from toxins, enhances gastric protection against acids, lowers blood glucose levels in diabetics. The turmeric may also reduce the likelihood of developing diabetes, according to research from Columbia University.