Sumac or vyrsia The sumach, a forgotten tree …
The sumach is a tree-like shrub grows taller and up to three meters. Called sumac or vyrsia
This small tree was one of the oldest plants was widely used with great economic importance as used in the treatment of skin. The leather processing industry flourished in Samos and Karlovassi particularly in the late 19th and early 20th century and gave the city a special glamor with multiple economic benefits.
The sumach (leaves and stalks) has an increased amount of tannin 24%. Tannin is a substance that was used to soften the skin. Tannins are and oaks.
Over the years it has increased the demand of the skins and their treatment began by chemical means. The processing time is shortened and consumption increased. The sumach, plant fibers which give skin indestructible high durability slowly forgotten.
The sumach or sumac (Rhus coriaria-Rouch the vyrsodepsikos) grows in the places is the olive tree and grows without care of people. He likes Laggada with calcareous soils. Propagated easily by seeds, cuttings and radicel. Today Samos is widespread and on the plains and in the mountains.
From sumac plant, usually only use the fruit. The dried fruits are ground to be converted to a purple – reddish powder and then mixed with salt.
The sumac is a very popular seasoning in combination with a sour flour, and its use is widespread in the Middle East and Iran. In these areas the milled nuts sprinkled on rice and mixed with freshly cut onions, creating in this way a very tasty appetizer. With sumac spice and sometimes the kebabs, the famous specialties of grill.
Another use of this spice is known from Lebanon, Syria and Egypt. The fruits are cooked with water to form a dense and very sour substance, which is then added to dishes with meat or vegetables or sauces for marinating, this method is known since antiquity.
sumac). Spice in very small grains, deep burgundy color. Not very spicy. Salads (Lebanese), in the kitchen of the East many times instead of lemon or vinegar, meat (and in fish or chicken) before baking, to boiled vegetables and poultry. Instead of sumac powder is used, and the liquid from the soaking of the fruit (especially sauces and marinades). It is a key component of zatar mixture used mainly in Jordan in grilled or fried meats. Used to (practice) medicine, and has a diuretic and antipyretic activity. Soothes stomach pains.