The angelic known as nerokalamo root of the Holy Spirit, the root of the Archangel (English european angelica, garden angelica, wild celery, masterwort, wild parsnip, herb of Angels, archange, and root of the Holy Spirit) is a genus of 60 species from which the Angelica archangelica has medicinal properties and belongs to the Umbelliferae family (Apiaceae, Umbelliferae).
It is native to Europe and is found in Greece. This aromatic herb height 120-240cm. The root is the palisade, thick, fusiform, covered with some dark threads externally and internally white. Its leaves are fteroeidi, large green and small greenish flowers developed in inflorescences. The fruits are ovoid with large seeds. It grows in moist, well-drained soil in full sun or shade.
This herb was dedicated to pagan gods and appeared in pagan celebrations. It said that so named because the medicinal properties were discovered in a monk from an angel who told him that cured the plague. Since they believed that protected from evil and infectious diseases. According to tradition but it is named after the archangel Michael, why blooms September 29, a day celebrated the archangel from the Roman Catholic church. The botanist John Parkinson 17th century believed that the name of the plant due to the sky on medicinal properties, but the truth is that the name came from the Greek word “angel” means messenger.
Whole plant, sexes, flowers, shoots, roots and seeds have medicinal properties. Angela was the main ingredient of “elixirs of youth” who believed that prolongs life. He also had a reputation for helping people to stop drinking alcohol, smoking and other. even it has been used in cases of bite by a rabid dog. It has tonic properties and is used for coughs, bronchitis and pleurisy, especially when accompanied by fever, colds or flu. The leaves can be used as compresses a breast inflammation. Yet because it opens the appetite has been used in cases of anorexia nervosa and helps relieve rheumatic inflammations and cystitis act as urinary antiseptic.
The root contains various coumarins (angelicin, vergkaptenio, isoimperatorini, ostholi), essential oils (b-fellardenio, alpha and beta-pinene, savinenio, limonene, linalool, borneol), palmitic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acids, fructose, glucose and sucrose.
Besides the medicinal properties in Europe, the very young and tender shoots and drool over baked fruit tarts and berries to reduce their acidity. Also used in jams and marmalades and seeds in cookies. Also the seeds and roots of the plant are a key element for the preparation of the French liqueur “Benedictine» (Liquer Benedictine).